Best Classical Hindi Songs

Dr. Narasinha Kamath
Dr. Narasinha Kamath / Blog / 8 yrs ago /
  31

 
                                                                      Music Directors of 1950's and 1960's
                                                                            (The Cream of The Crop)
 
bove picture has photos of most of the Music Directors of 1950's and 1960's who left us Treasure of Songs which were very melodious and were based on Hindustani Classical Ragas. And this is the precise reason why all these songs have become Immortal.
 

                                             Best Classical Hindi Songs

 

                                                         By Dr. Narasinha Kamath

 

Most of the old Hindi Film Songs have been composed based upon one of the ragas from Hindustani Classical. Also old songs were based on melody. Most of the songs composed in today’s films does not have melody, of course with few exceptions here and there. But slowly the trend is changing and now many of the new songs are being composed based on melody with a touch of raga. Recent films such as Refugee, Devdas, Umrao Jaan, Guru do have some songs based on ragas and do sound very melodious.

 

In this article, I have emphasized on Old Hindi songs and mentioned some of the most famous songs of 1950’s and 1960’s (the Golden Era of Hindi Film Music) which were based on classical ragas. And in each raga, from my own point of view, I have selected the best song ever composed in that particular raga. But again, note that this is my opinion. And readers’ opinion will vary from my opinion. So readers are most welcome to voice their own opinion through their comments. I have tried to cover only prominent ragas. One can go to one of the online music sites who have all of the following old songs and then listen to each song from a given raga. This way you will be able to memorize the Pakad or Bandishi of a given raga. And this will eventually help you to recognize raga of any song provided the song is composed in one of the ragas.

 

Pakad or Bandishi of a raga is a set of dominating notes unique to each raga. While composing a song on a given raga, music director will always use the notes from Pakad or Bandishi from that particular raga. So that when the song is fully composed, it will exhibit the flavor of that particular raga. Every music director follows  this rule to compose a song using the Pakad or Bandishi of that raga.

 

Readers may access my previous articles on individual ragas to learn more about ragas.

 

Raga Malkauns: The best song ever composed  on this raga is of course the bhajan Man Tadpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj from the film Baiju Bawara (1953) composed by music director Naushad. This bhajan was sung brilliantly by Mohd. Rafi after Naushad did extensive rehearsals before final recording. It is said that this bhajan has been sung at least once in most of the Hindu Temples all over the world. Other famous songs which I liked based on this raga are as follows:

 

1)       Adha hai chandrama (Film:Navrang, Music: C. Ramchandra)

2)       Gori tera gaon bada  (Film:Chit Chor, Music: Ravindra Jain)

3)       Ye kahani hai diye ki(Film:Toofan Aur Diya, Music : Vasant Desai)

 

Raga Darbari: The best song ever composed on this raga is O Duniya Ke Rakhwale once again from the film Baiju Bawara. At the end of this bhajan, Rafi goes into very high notes of taar saptaka (the highest musical scale). Music was composed by Naushad. Other famous songs which I liked based on this raga are as follows:

 

1)       Tu pyar ka sagar hai (Film: Seema, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

2)       Kahan ja raha hai (Film: Seema, Music: Shankar Jaikishan)

3)       Tora man darpan (Film: Kaajal, Music : Ravi)

4)       Hum tujh se mohobbat (Film:Awaara)

5)       Haye jiya roye (Film:Milan, Music:Hansraj Behl)

 

Raga Jaijaiwanti: The best song composed in this raga was Manmohana Bade Jhoote from the film Seema which was composed by Shankar Jaikishan. Actually, this song was composed almost like a pure classical song as you can see it starts with vilambit laya (slow rhythm), then goes into madhya laya (medium speed) and then ends with drut laya (fast rhythm). All these things composed for this song which had a length of less than 4 minute. Brilliant composition indeed. In Hindi films, very few songs have been composed in this raga. Only songs I know and like are as follows:

 

1)       Bairan ho gayi raina (Film:Dekh Kabira Roya, Music : Madan Mohan)

2)       Suni suni saans ke sitar par (Film: Lal Pathar, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

 

Raga Shivranjani: The best song composed is of course Jane Kahan Gaye Vo Din from the film Mera Naam Joker composed by Shankar Jaikishan. No other song composed on this raga comes close to this song. This song was sung very melodiously by singer Mukesh where in antara he goes on very high note which is very unusual for Mukesh. 

Other songs in this raga which I like are:

 

1)       Tere mere beech me (Film:Ek Duje Ke Liye, Music : Laxmikant Pyarelal)

2)       Kahin deep jale kahin dil (Film:Bees Saal Baad, Music : Hemant Kumar)

3)       Mere naina sawan bhadon (Film:Mehebooba, Music : R.D.Burman)

4)       Awaaj deke hume tum bulavo (Film: Professor, Music: Shankar Jaikishan)

5)       Baharon phool barasavon (Film:Suraj, Music: Shankar Jaikishan)

 

 

Raga Bhoopali :  Best song composed is Panchi Banoo Udati Phiroo from the film Chori Chori composed by Shankar Jaikishan. This raga was the most favorite raga of music director Ravi . Other Hindi songs based on this raga which I like are:

 

1)       Ye hawa ye hawa (Film: Gumrah, Music : Ravi)

2)       In hawavon me (Film:Gumrah, Music : Ravi)     

3)       Jab nil gagan ki (Film:Amrapali, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

4)       Jhukati ghata gaati hawa (Film:Dhool Ka Phool, Music : N.Datta)

5)       Zindagi dene waale sun (Film:Dil-E-Nadaan, Music : Ghulam Mohammed)

6)       Jyoti Kalash (Film:Bhabhi Ki Choodiyaan, Music : Sudhir Phadke, this song is  actually based on raga Deshkar which is very close to raga Bhoopali. Raga Bhoopali and Deshkar have same exact notes in Aroha and Avaroha. Only difference is they have different Vaadi and Samvaadi notes and this is the reason why they differ from each other. Vaadi is the most frequently used note in a given raga which is like a King. And Samvaadi is next most frequently used note in a given raga next to Vaadi note. Samvaadi note is like Minister next to king.
 

Raga Hamsdhwani: Best song ever on this raga is Ja Tose Nahin Bolu Kanhaiyya from the film Parivar composed by Salil Chaudhari. This raga is normally used in South India for composing bhajans for Lord Ganesha. Readers please let me know if you know any other Hindi film songs composed on this raga. This is my most favorite raga. I know only one other song composed on this raga which is:

 

1)       Vo chand jahan vo jaaye (Film:Sharada, Music : C.Ramchandra) 

 

Raga Rageshri: Best song composed on this raga is Naina So Nain Naahin Milao from the film Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje composed by Vasant Desai. Once again very few songs have been composed on this raga. Some of my favorite songs based on this raga are:

 

1)       Kaun aya mere man ke (Film:Dekh Kabira Roya, Music : Madan Mohan)

2)        Mohobbat aisi dhadkan (Film:Anarkali, Music : C.Ramchandra)

3)       Mere sang gaa gungunaa (Film:Janwar, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

 

Raga Adana : Best song is the title song Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje from the film Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje which was sung by Classical Maestro vocalist Amir Khan. Only 2 other songs have been composed in this raga in Hindi films which are:

1)       Manmohan man mein (Film:Kaise Kahoon)

2)       Radhi ke tone bansuri (Film:Beti Bete, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

 

Raga Lalit: Best song is of course Tu Hai Mera Prem Devata composed by O.P.Nayyar for the film Kalpana. Other songs I like in this raga are:

 

1)       Sai baba bolo (Film:Shirdi Ke Sai Baba, Music : Pandurang Dixit)

2)       Ek shahen shah ne (Film:Leader, Music : Naushad)

3)       Pritam daras dikhavo (Film:Chacha Zindabaad, Music : Madan Mohan)

 

Raga Kedar: The best song is Aap yun hi agar ham se milte rahe composed by O.P.Nayyar for the film Ek Musafir Ek Hasina. This raga is very melodious which is very suitable for composing bhajans and this is one of my favorite ragas. Following are some of the songs based on this raga which I like the most:

 

1)       Darshan do ghanashyam (Film:Narsi Bhagat, Music : Ravi)

2)       Ham ko man ki shakti dena (Film:Guddi, Music : Vasant Desai)

3)       Bekaspe karam (Film:Mughal-E-Azam, Music :  Naushad)

4)       Pal do pal ka saath (Film:The Burning Train, Music : R.D.Burman)

 

Raga Hamir: Best song is Madhu Ban Me Radhi ka Naache Re composed by Naushad for the film Kohinoor. This song is popular even among younger generation of modern era. Only other song composed in Hindi  based on this raga is bhajan  Sur ki gati main which was a non-filmi song composed by lesser known composer Murli Manohar Swaroop who was close friend of Music Director Jaikishan (of Shankar-Jaikishan duo). Unfortunately, Murli Manohar Swaroop could not make it big in Hindi music world

although he was very much talented.

 

Raga Pahadi: Two songs are equally best. One is Awaaz De Kahan Hai composed by Naushad for the film Anmol Ghadi and second one is Isharon Isharon Me composed by O.P.Nayyar for the film Kashmir Ki Kali. Along with raga Bahiravi, maximum songs have been composed based on this raga in Hindi films. My other favorite songs on this raga are:

 

1)       Chaudhavi ka chand (Film:Chaudhavi Ka Chand, Music : Ravi)

2)        Suhani raat dhal chuki (Film:Dulari, Music : Naushad)

3)       Kora kagaz tha ye man (Film:Aradhana, Music : S.D.Burman)  

4)       Ye nile gagan ke tale (Film:Hamraaz, Music : Ravi)

5)       Noori Noori (Film:Noori, Music : Khaiyyam)

6)       Kabhi Kabhi Mere (Film:Kabhi Kabhi, Music : Khaiyaam)

 

Note that Raga Pahadi was the most favorite raga of music director Khaiyyam.

 

Raga Yaman: Two songs are equally best. First one is Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh Par composed by Shankar Jaikishan for the film Junglee and other one Aansoo Bhari Hai Ye Jeevan Ki composed by Dattaram for the film Paravarish. There have been lots of songs composed on this raga and following are my favorites:

 

1)       Zindagi bhar nahi bhulegi (Film:Barsaat Ki Raat, Music : Roshan)

2)       Phir na kije meri (Film:Phir Subah Hogi, Music : Khaiyaam)

3)       Is modpe jaate hai (Film:Aandhi, Music : R.D.Burman)

4)       Dil diya dard liya (Film:Dil Diya Dard Liya, Music : Naushad)

 

Raga Bageshri: The best song is Radha Na Bole Na Bole composed by C.Ramchandra for the film Azaad. Other favorite songs based on this raga are:

 

1)       Dukh ke ab din (Film:Devdas, Music : Timir Baran)

2)        Aji roothkar ab kahan (Film:Aarzoo, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

3)       Bekasi had se jab (Film:Kalpana, Music : O.P.Nayyar) 

4)       Kyun naye lag rahe (Film:1942 Love Story, Music : R.D.Burman composed in 1994 : of course this is a recent film)

 

Raga Bhimpalashri: There is a tie for the best song. Two songs are the best in this raga which are Eri Main To Prem Diwani, a bhajan composed by Roshan for the film Naubaha and the soul stirring song Ye Zibdagi Usiki Hai composed by C.Ramchandra for the film Anarkali. Other very good songs composed on this raga are:

 

1)       Maine chand aur sitaron (Film:Chandrakanta, Music : N.Datta)

2)       O nirdayi pritam (Film:Stree, Music : C.Ramchandra)

3)       Naino me badara chaaye (Film:Mera Saya, Music : Madan Mohan)

 

Note: Raga Bhimpalashri and Piloo are the most favorite ragas of present day Maestro music director A.R.Rehman.

 

Raga Kirwani: Two songs are best. One is Yaad Na Jaaye composed by Shankar Jaikishan for the film:Dil Ek Mandir   and other one is Mera Dil Ye Pukare Aaja composed by Hemant Kumar for the film Naagin. Following are some other favorite songs of mine:

                      

1)       Meri bhigi bhigi si (Film:Anamika, Music : R.D.Burman)

2)       Ye rate ye mausam (Film:Dilli Ka Thug, Music : Ravi)

3)       Main pyar ka raahi (Film:Ek Musafir Ek Hasina, Music: O.P.Nayyar)

4)       Aankhno se jo uteri (Film:Phir Vohi Dil Laya Hoon, Music:O.P.Nayyar)

 

Raga Piloo: Two of the songs are best: Mohe Panghatpe Nandlal composed by Naushad for the film Mughal-E-Azam,  and other one is Dhire Se Aaja Re composed by C.Ramchandra for the film Albela. Othergood songs on this raga are:

              

1)       Murli bairan bhayi (Film:New Delhi, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

2)       Badi der bhayi (Film:Basant Bahar, Nusic : Shankar Jaikishan)

3)       Banwari re (Film:Ek Phool Char Kaante, Music : Shankar Jaiksihan)

4)       Kaali ghata chaaye (Film:Sujata, Music : S.D.Burman)

 

Raga Shudh Kalyan : Best song is of course is Rasik Balma composed by Shankar Jaikishan For the film Chori Chori . Other song almost equally good is Chand Phir Nikla composed by S.D.Burman for the film Paying Guest. Another good song on this raga is Meri Mohobbat Jawan Rahegi from the film Jaanwar and also the recent song Mere Hamsafar Mere Hamsafar composed by Anu Malik for the new film Refugee.

 

Raga Bihag: Best song is Tere Sur Aur Mere Geet composed by Vasant Desai for the film Goonj Oothi Shehnai. Other melodious songs based on this raga are:

 

1)       Hamare dil se na (Film:Uran Khatola, Music : Naushad)

2)       Tujhe jeevan ki (Film:Asli Naqli, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

3)       Zindagi ke safar me (Film:Aap Ki Kasam, Music: R.D.Burman)

 

Raga Jogiya: Best song is Dil Ek Mandir Hai composed by Shankar Jaikishan for the film Dil Ek Mandir Hai. Other very good song on this raga is Raat Bhar Ka Hai Mehema composed by O.P.Nayyar for the film Sone Ki Chidiya. And another gem is Kehdo Koyi Kare Yahan Pyar from the film Goonj Oothi Shehnai composed by Vasant Desai.

 

Raga Bhairav: Best song is of course Mohe Bhool Gaye Savariya composed by Naushad for the film Baiju Bawara. Other nice Bhairav songs are:

 

1)       Sun ri pawan (Film:Anuraag, Music : S.D.Burman)

2)       Jaago mohan pyaare (Film:Jaagte Raho, Music : Salil Chaudhari)

 

Raga Ahir Bhiarav : The best song is Puccho na kaise maine composed by S.D.Burman for the film Meri Soorat Teri Aankhe.

 

Raga Jaunpuri: The best song is Jaaye to jaaye kahan composed by S.D.Burman for the film Taxi Driver. Other great songs on this raga are:

 

1)       Jalate hai jiske liye (Film:Sujata, Music : S.D.Burman)

2)        Meri yaad me tum na (Film:Madhosh, Music : Madan Mohan)

 
Raga Sohini: The Best Song in this Raga was the sthaayi (or the begining part) of Great Classical song Kuhu Kuhu Bole Koyaliya from the Film : Suvarna Sundari and was composed by Telugu Music Director Adi Narayan Rao husband of actress Anjali Devi. This song had antaras based on 3 other ragas. Other Great Song in this raga are:
 
                                                  1) Jhumati Chali Hawaa (Sangeet Samrat Tansen)
                                                 
 

Raga Sindhu Bhairavi: Best song is Ajahun Aaye Balama composed by Shankar Jiskishan for the film Saanjh Aur Savera.

 

Bhairavi: This is the king of all ragas. All classical mehfils are concluded by playing or singing this raga at the end of the program. Along with raga Pahadi, maximum number of songs have been composed based on this raga in Hindi Films. The best song as per my pick is Mere Ai Dil Bata composed by Vasant Desai for the film Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje. There are infinite number of songs in Hindi films which are based on this raga and are beautifully composed. Some of them are as follows:

 

1)       Suno choti si (Film:Seema, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

2)       Sanvare Sanvare (Film:Anuradha, Music : Ravi Shankar)Dil ka khilona (Film:Goonj Oothi Shehnai, Music : Vasant Desai)

3)       Kaise samjhavoon (Film:Suraj, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)

4)       Main piya teri (Film:Basant Bahar, Music : Shankar Jaikishan)  

 

Note that raga Bhairavi was the most favorite raga of music director Shankar Jaikishan.  

 

So after reading this article, the reader can see why the music directors of 1950’s and 1960’s were so great who left us treasure of melodious songs, most of them based on one of the above ragas.

 

So let me know what are your first choice in each raga. Please comment.

 

Author’s Note: At the begining of this article, I have attached the Flute tune Jyoti Kalash Chalake from the film Bhabhi Ki Choodiyaan which I played on my Flute and is based on raga Deshkar (very similar to raga Bhoopali). Please click to listen. I hope you will like my rendering on Flute.

 


Dr. Narasinha Kamath / / 1 year ago
Dr. Narasinha Kamath

Dear John,
WELCOME TO MY SULEKHA BLOGSPACE. Thanks for your appreciation with 2 comments.
Regards,
Dr. Kamath


john alexander / / 1 year ago
john alexander

Great selection by an expert!


john alexander / / 1 year ago
john alexander

Great selection!


Top3Sites / / 4 yrs ago
Top3Sites



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Top3Sites / / 4 yrs ago
Top3Sites



We are back with the latest new 2010 version of pz10,com . As you people had support and appreciate our services from last 10 years . Now we are going to launch our http://www.punjabizone10.com with a new look and more user friendly.

Now you can Download (100% Free) , Listen , Watch Videos (of related songs ) all the Latest / old songs , albums , live shows , concerts of all the singers , artists whom you like to listen at pz10,com

For more details with videos regarding this just log on to http://www.punjabizone10.com


Thanks ,
Amrit
PZ10,COM


DSampath / / 6 yrs ago
DSampath

dear narasinha kamth, this is
a connossieurs collection thanks..


Dr. Narasinha Kamath / / 6 yrs ago
Dr. Narasinha Kamath

dear dr. bhagwath, kalpita raj, anandabairavi, dr. nerra sanotra,

thanks a billion for your lovely comments. currently, i am on a tour of europe and i will return on oct 6th. so after i return home, i will reply to your individual comments. sorry for the delay in my response.

with best wishes,
dr. kamath


kalpita raj / / 6 yrs ago
kalpita raj

dear dr. narsinha..really that ers was the golden era and the lyics and the way they were filmed/presented before publice was too good..thanx for remindin that to us..regards and love..kalpita


Dr Sundeep S Bhagwath / / 6 yrs ago
Dr Sundeep S Bhagwath

dear sir,
main aapse bahut zyaada naaraaz hoon! how could you leave out my favourite song "laaga chunari main daag" in the raag sindhu bhairavi section?
just kidding! like / dislike is a purely personal choice. i agree with all your choices except of course for omission of the above mentioned song!
can i point out some new songs which are quite melodious and based on raagas?
1. mann ki lagan - film paap, raag bhoopali
2. jiya dhadak dhadak - film kalyug, raag bhoopali
3. khwaja mere khwaja - jodha akbar, raag? (is it based on the sdame raaga as for "kya se kya ho gaya tere pyaar main from guide?)
4. tosey naina laagey - film anwar, but dont know which raaga
5. o paalnahaare - film lagaan, raag aasawari?
6. pal pal hai bhaari - film swades, raag aasawari?
7. yeh jo des hai tera - swades, raag des.

also sir, can you tell me for my information, any film song based on raag megh?


VASUDEVAN / / 6 yrs ago
VASUDEVAN

kamat sahb

you have forgoteen the following

1koi math wala-- darbari -- love in tokyo
2tumi mere mandhir-sudha kalyan--- one famous song of latha ji-- i dont remember the movie

these are still ringing in my memories

ab