CHANDRA (Moon) - A loving God, pleasing to children as well as elders universally appealing to everyone whatever may be the religion of the onlooker.
The Moon causes nightfall strengthens the mind, purifies the blood and is considered as the mother who radiates nectar (Amrut). His cool rays radiate happiness around.
Indian astrology is based on the lunar cycle and therefore, the position of the moon in a horoscope can influence the personality and temperament of the individual. In the Zodiac he is the lord of Cancer. He stays 2 1/4 days in each Rasi completing a round of the 12 Rasis in 27 days .
God : Chandra was the original Indian god of the moon who was later merged with Soma. He drove the moon chariot across the sky with ten white horses. He was also considered a fertility god, since the dew which falls on the plants overnight and gives them life was seen as coming from the moon.
RELATIVES: Maharishi Atri (father), Anasuya (mother), Mercury (son). Surya (consort). The 27 constellations were said to be his wives, and that all of them were chaste and beautiful.
Legend: Lord Ganesha was riding home on his mouse after a big feast. A snake slithered into their path. The mouse tripped and Ganesha fell. And guess what .. Ganesha had eaten so much, that his tummy split open and all the Kudumulu tumbled out!
Chandra (the moon god) was watching from the sky. He found this quite funny and started laughing. This made Ganesha mad. He said, "You find it funny that I fell down? Well, I shall banish you from the sky. Then you will not laugh at anyone again!"
Suddenly the night was dark. There was no longer a moon in the sky. This went on night after night. Chandra, and all the Devas (gods) went humbly to Ganesha. They begged him to let the moon back into the sky.
Ganesha relented. He allowed the moon back into the sky. But to remind him to be humble, Ganesha put a curse on him. He would never again shine, full and round everyday. Instead, he would become smaller until he disappeared; and then grow again to his full size.
Another story goes; Chandra fell in love with Tara, the beautiful wife of Brhaspati, and abducted her. There was a prolonged war between Chandra and Brhaspati in which the Gods became involved. This ultimately resulted in the defeat of Chandra and his separation from Tara. Thus Chandra was having a curse on him. He would never again shine, full and round everyday. Instead, he would become smaller until he disappeared; and then grow again to his full size.
1. Moon adores the head of Lord Siva.
2. Lord of the 27 naksatras, the stars which oversee the 27 lunar mansions of the zodiac. These are considered to be the wives of Chandra.
3. The Vedic God of thunderbolt and battle, the King of the Gods who vanquishes demons of drought and darkness
4. The form of Lord Shiva having three eyes, the Sun, Moon and Fire, the three sources of light which illuminate the worlds. The eye of Fire (knowledge) is the strongest. This looks inward on the forehead but when directed outwards it can destroy all that appears before it.
5. The secondary creator virat-purusa, created by Brahman as primeval man. "The Moon was engendered from his mind, and from his eye the Sun had birth, Indra and Agni from his mouth were born, and Vayu (air) from his breath. Forth from his navel came mid-air; the sky was fashioned from his head; from Earth his feet and from his ear the regions. Thus they formed the worlds." [RV X.90.13-14]
6. Sages and devotees invoke the God Chandra and meditate for hours for peace.
7. Worship of this planet is said to be beneficial for relief from all sorrows, helps in curing mental afflictions, etc. Worshipping Chandra on Mondays is said to be very effective in getting one's prayers answered.
8. Lord Chandra was also prayed to when a couple wanted to have a child.