Daya Ram Sahni and the Indus Civilization

Lakshmi M Bhat
Lakshmi M Bhat / 5 yrs ago /
  1

The first world war led to great economic stringency in the British Empire. Many officers of the Survey joined the army. Hargreaves opted for military duty.
This brought Daya Ram Sahni to the Northern Front and Harappa.

 

Harappa History

The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920. His work and contemporaneous excavations at Mohenjo-daro ...
www.harappa.com/walk/walk04back.html - Cached - Similar -


Marshall sent him to Harappa and he was there from 20th to 22nd Feb 1917.
He submitted a proposal for the excavation of one mound , but this was delayed for three years. He returned to Harappa in 1920 and the landowners  were paid compensation for the Harappan mounds.
The other mounds were not acquired but were brought under the operation of the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act.

 

THE ANCIENT MONUMENTS PRESERVATION ACT, 1904 - Indian Bareacts ...

2 Jan 2008 ... Act : An Act to provide for preservation of Ancient Monument and objects of archaeological, historical, or artistic interest. ...
www.helplinelaw.com/.../THE%20ANCIENT%20MONUMENTS%20PRESERVATION%20... - Cached -
 


On 5th January 1921, Sahini began his first season of work at Harappa.

 

 


Well preserved seals, fragmentary structural ruins and artifacts of various kinds were brought to the surface.  

 

 

 

 

Specially noteworthy were the near absence of metals.
Sahni was not very impressed by Harappa and felt the funds could be used excavate other sites.
But, Harappa was very much in Marshall's mind , he asked Sahni to bring the excavated antiquities to Lahore.

 

                                                       Indian Museum,  Calcutta

 

He saw them and wanted to exhibit them in the Indian Museum at Calcutta.

 

 


Sahni and Mashall thought the seals as preAryan. And at that time, only the top level had been excavated. Fifty feet of depth still remained to be excavated.

 

 

 


The financial years of 1920-21 brought the Archaeological  Survey completely under the Imperial Government. Expenditure was to be curtailed.  There was a reduction in the archaeological budget but not as much as feared.
But Marshall's commitment to his department and the monuments that were in his charge was total.

 

 

                        

                         photos from the internet


annaakka / / 5 yrs ago
annaakka

Lakshmi

You have given us here a rare treat into our civilization and the history behind the excavations of Harappa.

The work initially done by Sahni is so impressive.. why wasn't he satisfied?

Looks like we owe Marshall a lot for his single minded devotion to archaeological excavations and Harappa in particular

Without such people at the helm most often these projects fall through.

Thanks for sharing.


Monsoon Romance Short Story Contest


couples

Monsoon Romance Contest

View Popularity Board

Contest Entries (60)

srinath girish
Monsoon Muse
 I watched as a fly circled around A Christmas Carol and slowly settled on the nose of the Ghost of Christmas Past, looking down on a trembling Scrooge. No one here but the flies and me, I thought
5 hrs ago
Monalisha
First Monsoon In Chennai
 It was 6 in the evening, quite hazy; breezy…As I hurried to catch bus, a gust of wind zapped my neatly tied pony tail. I frowned towards the sky as if asking God why me! Just then one cold
13 hrs ago
Naresh
Refreshingly Reminiscing
 Women!, The exact meaning of Soul, Care, love, and beauty- in short an smile in the Man''s face that lightens up the world of him. well on one such notice, you get pulled by the essence and
15 hrs ago
Sangeetha
MY MONSOON MEMORY!
 "Mom, the rain is driving me crazy!" I looked up from my laptop and smiled at the restlessness of my fifteen year old bundle of energy. "I''ve not been able to step out of the house in four days.
1 day ago
kamalji
What Monsoon, what Magic
 Dear Friends, Monsoons as such don’t hold much magic or romance for me. See the first Thirty years of my life were spent in Mumbai, and the next Thirty in Jaipur.Mumbai, well it was great
1 day ago
Raghava Reddy Gongidi
ENJOYING MONSOON ROMANCE
  NATURE ENJOYING MONSOON ROMANCEnjoying romance is an exhilarating experience, more sothrilling in Monsoon!! Monsoon is a welcoming season after excruciatingsummer monthswhen the nature gifts
1 day ago
V Rajagopal
rainy day in kolkata from the 60's
 I was then in my teens, we lived in Landsdown road (now called Saratbose Road) closer to the dakhuria lake side, and my school was at hazra road. It was quite a long walk, and I loved to walk
1 day ago
Simnasivaraman
It's like raining!!...
 It''s like raining!!...The Sun has been vanished from the sky for a while. The sky is tinged with some red and black scars and the air is blowy. It might be getting ready for raining. She shut the
1 day ago
j LUKE
Monsoon Romance? When does it rain in Telegana?
 Telanagana region is doomed! It is neither in path of south-west monsoon nor is it in North-east monsoon path when only Tamilnadu gets rains. what''s the solution I don''t know. Where are all the
2 days ago
sureshmiyer
BESOTTED ON A RAINY DAY
  It was a rainy day. Priya was waiting for him. “I am feeling lonely Suresh” Her eyes gazed on the text she typed on the cellphone.Aati Rahengi BahaareinJaati Rahengi
2 days ago