Kanchipuram

R Phani Kumar
R Phani Kumar / 7 yrs ago /
  1

[ edit ] Demographics

As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Kancheepuram had a population of 152,984. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kancheepuram has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 69%. In Kancheepuram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kanchipuram temple, engraved in 1811.
Kanchipuram temple, engraved in 1811.

[ edit ] History

pushpEshu jAti purushEshu vishNu, nArIshu rambA nagarEshu Kanchi

The term "nagareshu Kanchi" in the verse above means that Kanchi was the best amongst the cities of medieval India.

Kanchipuram is one of the oldest cities in South India, and was a city of learning for both Tamil and Sanskrit, and was believed to be visited by Hsuan Tsang. It was during the reign of Pallava dynasty, from the 4th to the 9th centuries that Kanchipuram attained its limelight. The city served as the Pallava capital, and many of the known temples were built during their reign.

The king of Kanchi, PallavaMahendravarman I was a great scholar and musician, a man of great intelligence and also a great playwright. Yuan Chwang, the great Chinese traveler, visited the city in the 7th century and said that this city was 6 miles in circumference and that its people were famous for bravery and piety as well as for their love of justice and veneration for learning. He further recorded that Buddha had visited the place. As regards learning, Kanchi stood second in glory only to Banaras.The history of Kanchi can be traced back to several centuries before the advent of the Christian era. The place finds its name in Patanjali's Mahabhashya written in the second century BCE Manimekalai, the famous Tamil classic, and Perumpanatru Padai, a great Tamil poetical work, vividly describe the city as it was at the beginning of the Christian era. Pattupattu, one of the sangam literatures records that the king Thondaiman Ilandirayan ruled this town around 2500 years ago.

The temple tower at a Kanchi temple
The temple tower at a Kanchi temple
Naga-worship next to the Sri Vaigunda Perumal Temple in Kanchipuram
Naga-worship next to the Sri Vaigunda Perumal Temple in Kanchipuram

From the 3rd to the 9th century CE Kanchi was the capital of the Pallavas who ruled over the territory extending from the river Krishna in the north to the river Kaveri in the south. The Pallavas fortified the city with ramparts, moats, etc., with wide and well laid out roads and fine temples. They were a great maritime power with contacts with far-off China, Siam, Fiji, etc., through their chief Port Mamallapuram, the modern Mahabalipuram. The Cholas ruled this town from 10th century to 13th century. Kings of Vijayanagara dynasty ruled from 14th century to 17th century. The temple tower, 192 feet height in Ekamabaranadhar temple and 100-pillar mandabam (building) in Varadaraja Perumal temple in this town are famous for the architectural techniques of Vijayanagara dynasty. Robert Clive, of the British East India Company, who played a major role in the establishment of British rule in India, is said to have presented an emerald necklace to this temple (the Clive makarakandi, still used to decorate the Lord on ceremonial occasions). Kanchi was a major seat of Tamil learning as well as an important place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, Jains and Hindus. Once the seat of learning and religious fervour started its climb down from the Mughal invasions followed by three centuries of colonial rule under the British.

[ edit ] Bodhidharma and martial arts

Bodhidharma (A.D. 520) went to China from Kanchipuram to spread Buddhism.[1] He stayed at the Shaolin Monastery and preached Buddhist ideologies. At that time he trained the local people in the art of Varmakkalai.[1] The art underwent many changes and came to be known as Shaolin kung fu or boxing.[2] In Japan it came to be known as karate and judo. But it is interesting to note that the Chinese school agrees with the southern school of this art in that it has the same 108 varma points.[1][2]

[ edit ] The Kanchi mutt

Kanchipuram is also the seat of the Kanchi maţha, a religious institution that became influential and famous under the leadership of Shri Chandrashekarendra Saraswati. This maţha says that Ādi Sankara settled in Kanchipuram after establishing four Āmnāya maţhas in the four corners of India and that this gave rise to the Kanchi maţha. However this claim is disputed by the four original mathas who claim the Kanchi matha is only a branch matha. The followers of Kanchi math however claim that this Matha was temporarily shifted to Kumbakonam because of which it was known as Kumbakonam Matha for sometime, and that later the Matha shifted back to Kanchipuram.

[ edit ] Kanchi Silk Sarees

Today, apart from its temples, this small town is also known for its thriving hand loom industry. Kancheepuram town is also known as Silk City since the main profession of the people living in and around is weaving silk sarees,more than 5,000 families are engaged in this industry. The silk weavers of Kanchi settled more than 400 years ago and have given it an enviable reputation as the producer of the best silk sarees in the country. Woven from pure mulberry silk and have an enviable reputation for texture, lustre, durability and finish. The sarees in dazzling colours are available in every imaginable design and variety, which can make the job of selection quite challenging.

[ edit ] Educational institutions

Kanchipuram in history was also been known as the ghatikasthanam or place of learning. Even today there are a lot of educational institutions in and around Kanchi .

The following are the educational institutions found in Kanchipuram:

  1. Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Maha Vidyalaya (SCSVMV)
  2. Arulmigu Meenakshi Ammal College of Engineering. (AMACE)
  3. SRR Engineering College
  4. Pallavan College of Engineering.
  5. Kanchi Shri Krishna College of Arts and Science.
  6. Thirumalai Engineering college.
  7. Lord Venkateswara Engineering college.
  8. Pallavan Polytechnic.
  9. Pallavan college of Pharmacy.
  10. Bakthavachalam Polytechnic.
  11. Pachaiyappa Arts college.

Kanchipuram also has some good old schools which often produces state level ranking:

  1. Sangford Schools (an American School)
  2. MLM Mamallan Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  3. Anderson Higher Secondary School
  4. Pachaiyappas Higher Secondary School
  5. SSKV Girls Higher Secondary School
  6. SSKV Matriculation and Higher Secondary School
  7. Infant Jesus Matriculation Higher Secondary School





pradeep kumart / / 7 yrs ago
pradeep kumart

hai its very nice to see the information about the temple city kanchipuram...
but while copying from google.. please the unnecessary things like (edit), (back to top).....



couples

Monsoon Romance Contest

View Popularity Board

Contest Entries

Priyadarshi Dutta
Monsoon makeover
 By Priyadarshi DuttaNikhila stood in the terrace of her top floor flat in Dadar looking at the waterlogged patches of the road. The rains had heavily walloped the Mumbai the previous afternoon.
1 week ago
Vignesh Karnam
The Dawn of Rain.
 The rain always gathered all of my courage. I always loved the rain. I stepped out on a whim and noticed myself melting in the presence of another being. The presence so divine and lovely , I
1 week ago
Alka Girdhar
Mellowing Monsoons
 The rain fell incessantly in a continuous noisy torrent, but its seemingly immaculate fall was a mere puppet in the hands of angry gushing winds that made it sway this way and that way, this way
1 week ago
MeghnaVinod
THE LOVE OF MY LIFE IS HERE
 THE LOVE OF MY LIFEBangalore. 13 February. 6pm.Samiksha: It was raining. Raining hard. I could hear the raindrops falling on our tilled roof pitter patter. I just stood there enjoying the slight
1 week ago
TheBigThinkg Blog
The Lusty Love..
 I looked at her longingly..There she was, probably with her little son next to her..I am new to this village. I had come here with four of my friends. The sacrifice festival of this village is
1 week ago
DhAmodharan
pardhaeshi ! pardhaeshi !! jAnA naheem!!! mujae choad kae !, mujae choad kae !!... Hopefully, a BhArath-shaking real story !
With the heady mix of train and rain descending on our poor Dhushyanth, the hero of this real story, name changed, who wAs really feeling like an elated yAthri, in that distant land of RAjAsthAn, without the problems of daily life weighing on him, the beat
1 week ago
novelideas
SPEECHLESS
 I waitfor this distant horizonto gather scattered petalsof crimson glory from its canvassinto a spongy blanketbillowing to spread its wingswith the whispering zephyrI wishnow to be let into those
1 week ago
chitra viswanathan
The magic of the rain after a storm
 “Swetha, are you ready ” asked her mother, Prema. “It is getting late. It will not be nice if we go late to receive Venkatesh.” They all got into the car. There was great
1 week ago
Tripti
All I want is you..
  26th June, 2014 Mumbai 18:30 hours"Feeling numb." "As I pen this down, I''m sitting closer to the entrance, staring outside my tent so that the wetness hits me. I''m not enjoying it,
1 week ago
Shalini Prasad
The Magic the Rain Brings - Part 3
 This year, people expected a lot of rain. To say that they were disappointed would be an understatement. The monsoon season was as dry as the summer. The farmers were suffering, the lakes were
1 week ago