Nizam’s State Liberation Struggle! Part 3...... Razakars And Their Atrocities

Raghava Reddy
Raghava Reddy / 5 yrs ago /

Rama Rao Garimella, our revered blogger desired that I should post blogs sequel to my earlier blogs on liberation of Nizam State for the benefit of younger generation bloggers. In deference to his advice I am posting about the events unto the surrender of Nizam the Vii and accession to Indian Union on the 17th September 1948





Nizam the Vii surrendering the Nizam State to Sardar Vallab Bhai Patel on the 17th September 1948.  

Online edition of India's National Newspaper
Friday, Sep 17, 2004

Momentous day for lovers of freedom, democracy

By K.Venkateshwarlu

HYDERABAD, SEPT. 16. Ye jung hai jung-e-azadi, azadi ke parcham ke tale...(It is a war, the war of independence, of the myriad souls....).

Around this time, 56 years ago, this soul-stirring marching song penned by Hyderabad's own liberal Leftist poet, Maqdoom Mohiuddin, inspired many a young lover of freedom to take a plunge into the struggle for the liberation of Hyderabad State. But the adamant Nizam remained unmoved and failed to see the writing on the wall.

Far from gracefully accepting the public mood against his autocratic rule, the Nizam went on to declare Hyderabad an independent state, pompously claimed to unfurl the Asafia flag on the Red Fort, threatened to accede the State to Pakistan, sent an emissary to Britain and even sought UN intervention. Yet, it took just four days and 13 hours, beginning September 13, 1948, for the Indian Army to tame the "mighty" Nizam's Army.

Nizam's surrender

"Operation Polo", as the famous "Police Action" was codenamed to couch what was basically a military operation, brought down the curtains on a tyrannical era. And when the people of the erstwhile Hyderabad State encompassing Telangana and parts of Karnataka and Maharashtra, the largest Princely State, woke up on the dawn of September 17, 1948, they heard the big news of the Nizam's surrender, dubbed one of the meekest in history. It not only freed people from enslavement, but facilitated the integration of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, an event they had been long pining for.

The best picture of the times that captured one of the decisive moments in Hyderabad's chequered history said it all. Here was "His Exalted Highness, Lt. Gen Muzaffar-ul Mulk Wal Mumalik Nizam- ul-Mulk, Nizam-ud-Dowla, Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur, the Faithful Ally of the British, Nizam of Hyderabad," arguably one of the richest men in the world, nearly bowing with a traditional "namaste" before the redoubtable first Indian Union Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, at the Begumpet Airport.

Significant achievement

Notwithstanding the wrangling among the present day political parties and whether the celebrations should be official or not, September 17 continues to be a momentous day for old Hyderabadis when they got the hard earned freedom after several flip flops, a full 13 months after Indian independence. In commemorating the event, they cannot forget but recall the chilling accounts of armed marauders of Razakars, a militia raised by Kasim Razvi of the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, with covert support from the Nizam's Government, raiding villages, maiming people, looting and raping women.

Common goal

The Hyderabad liberation struggle was essentially a three-pronged movement fought often jointly and occasionally against one another by the Congress, the communists and the Arya Samajis. Notwithstanding their ideological differences, they fought for achieving the common goal.

"The Nizam paid for his mistakes. He remained stubborn not accepting any of the conciliatory efforts made by Jawaharlal Nehru. He was offered full protection and 40 per cent representation to Muslims in the constitution of a responsible government, though their population was 12 per cent. Exhausting all options, the Nehru Government sent the army," recalls Burgula Narsinga Rao, a student activist of that time.

"It was a unique struggle encompassing the fight against the despotic rule of the Nizam and feudal system, merger of Hyderabad State into the Indian Union and the armed campaign for land to the tiller," said Ch. Rajeswara Rao, who had participated in the Telangana armed struggle. His compatriot and close associate of Maqdoom, Raj Bahadur Gour, adds, "The land reforms initiated by the first popular government of Burgula Ramakrishna Rao were the best and unparalleled in the country."

All of them are amused at the desperate attempts of the BJP leaders, to bask in the reflected glory. "They have absolutely no right. The BJP was not even born. The only Hindu group that existed was the one-man Hindu Mahasabha led by Keskar. They are wrongly co-opting Arya Samaj, an organisation formed essentially to reform Hinduism," said Mr. Narsinga Rao.


Raghava Reddy / / 1 year ago
Raghava Reddy

My dear Soorya,
Iam not aware of happening in Marhwada as I belong to Warangal dist.

Raghava Reddy / / 1 year ago
Raghava Reddy

My dear Soorya.
I have no idea about this Committee as to who appointed and when this report was given and to whom . I am totally unaware the report you mentioned.

SOORYA / / 1 year ago

The indian Military,Hndu Mahasabha and Communists jointly massacred about ONE LAKH MUSLIMS...It's a reality approved by SUNDARLAL COMMITEE.

Jayati Gupta / / 5 yrs ago
Jayati Gupta

Dear raghavagongidi 

Thank the farmers, we have you to give us such an enlightening blog that make records for later to refer and know actual on goings. 




Raghava Reddy / / 5 yrs ago
Raghava Reddy

DrMadhavi.Realistic and candid comments. I am happy to have  very  meaningful comments from a renowned and most respected  blogger  like you. . While creative skills have to be honoured and encouraged, we have to know outside  events to face the practical problems of life.I am sure you would appreciate this word of mine as a well wisher.Thanks

Dr Madhvi / / 5 yrs ago
Dr Madhvi

i am really surprised to read these accounts....we all are so very unaware of incidents and struggles pre and post independence that lead to united iNdia. very informative and interesting keep posting them.


Raghava Reddy / / 5 yrs ago
Raghava Reddy

My dear Madhkar.I agree with you that  the role of  ARYASAMAJ IN THE Nizam state liberation struggle was substantial and infact the credit goes to them in igniting the spirit of expressing disdain against Nizam. Particicularly the leadeship of Pandit  NARAENDRADEVEJI,ARIGE RAMASWAMY.BAGA REDDY of ADI HINDU MOVEMENT, RAMKRISHNADHOOT,and many other distinguished leadrers who suffered a lot. On Dssera day a procession on an elephant used to be taken out from Aryasmaj mandir Sultan bazar to gowliguda. We all used to see that procession.I mentoned the name of top aryasamaj leader Narendra dev.I agree with you. Thanks for visit and offering very valuable and enlightning comments.

maddss123 / / 5 yrs ago

Dear Sir

Your last Para I beg to differ, lets not undermine the role of Arya samaj, but, not for them the Hyderabad struggle would been some sort of a telengana struggle of communists!

It was Arya samaj that took on the responsibility of freedom struggle, its different that some of them were also congress leaders. The name of Ramananda Thirtha,Pandit Narendra...Burugula Ramakrishna Rao, Vandemataram Ramchander Rao....the list is very big, they were responsible for building mass movement. The present day congress leaders have no clue of the struggle,similarly late Channa Reddy's father-in-law was a stooge of Nizam, its all recorded history.

What BJP says is recognize the real hero's, its surely not taking credit for the events.

In short Hyderabad freedom struggle begins and ends with the contribution of Arya Samaj leaders ...whom ...we know including many erstwhile congressmen. The communist movement had nothing to do with the movement to free Nizams rule, it was a armed struggle like present day Naxal movement for formation of a communist state, the history has been distorted especially by certain Congress men ...who's clans were subservient of Nizam. post independence the same clan replaced the real hero's and diluted the truth.

I strongly feel Hyderabad's freedom struggle hero's are totally ignored by bogus claimants that include communists.......

I surely have many in the family and relatives part of this part of the struggle!

The BJP is actually asking the real hero's to be honored..what's wrong with that?

Thanks & Regards

Raghava Reddy / / 5 yrs ago
Raghava Reddy

My dear Laxmi. You are perfectly correct.Todat father and sons do not see eye to eye in any matter brining all unpleasent atmosphere in the family.Father says namashkar. son says HI.Thisexplains allother things.Respect for family values atr vanshin and wester culture is invadig creating tempermental and finacial and social incomparbilities.Any way generation gap. thanks for nice comments.

Lakshmi M Bhat / / 5 yrs ago
Lakshmi M Bhat

In our school days, there was always one favourite topic for essays- Unity in Diversity.
Sometimes, I feel the diversity is still there, but there is no unity.
I suppose it is too idealistic to believe that people can live together peacefully. When there is so much of politics in a family between children of the same parents, then how can we think that there should be no politics when people from thousand different families come together?
But I believe that we have to be positive, otherwise life would become miserable.
" There is not enough darkness in the world to extinguish the light of a small candle."

Nelson Mandela has said,
"For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others."

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