Sama Veda Sandhyavandanam

Kaushik Thinnaneri Ganesan
  0

Over the years, I realized that being a Sama Vedi Iyer was one of the most challenging things from the point of view of online resources for rituals. Ok, Sandhyavandanam is something a guy is supposed to have learnt from his Aacharyaal since the day the Upanayanam was performed, but somehow things didn't work out for me.
Googling "Sama Veda Sandhyavandanam" didn't really help much and I really had to dig deep for a proper link that contained exactly what I was looking for. I'm basically reproducing the content from Shri P.R.Ramachander's page here, since this page isn't available among the first few results, and I'm hoping my blog-post is easier to locate.

PS: This post strictly details the procedure for Sama Vedi Iyers. Non-{Sama Vedi Iyers} have ample resources elsewhere, so do kindly excuse. Also, I'm not keen on this turning out to be a discussion-point for casteism/Brahminism, so if you want to oppose/criticise such rituals, etc, sorry, this is not the place.

Part-I - Argya Pradhanam


1. Aachamanam:

Take small quantities of water (just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in the right hand and take it with the following manthra:


Om Achyuthaya Namah, Om Ananthaya Namah, Om Govindaya Namah

Then

Touch with thumb both cheeks saying Kesava - Narayana

Touch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava - Govinda

Touch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno - Madhusoodana

Touch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama - Vamana

Touch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara - Hrishikesa

Touch with all fingers the belly button saying Padmanabha

Touch with all fingers the head saying Damodara.


2. Ganapathi Dhyanam:

Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together:

Shuklambaradharam Vishnum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.

3. Pranayamam:

Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the following Manthra:

Om Bhoo
Om Bhuva
Ogum Suva
Om Maha
Om Jana
Om Thapa
Ogum Sathyam
Om Tat savithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yona prachodayath
Om Apa
Jyothj rasa
Amrutham brahma
Bhoorbuvasuvarom

Touch the ears three times saying

Om, Om, Om

The inhaling is called Puraka, the retaining Kumbhaka and the exhaling Rechaka. The proportion of time of these three viz. Puraka, Kumbhaka and Rechaka should be in the ratio 1: 3: 2.

Puraka, Kumbhaka and Rechaka together, make one Pranayama. From Om Bhuh upto Dhiyo yo nab prachodayat would be Puraka. From Omapo Jyoti-rasomritam Brahma Bhurbhuvassuvarom upto Om Bhuh, Om Bhuvah will be one Kumbhaka.The third turn from Om Bhuh upto the end will be Rechaka.



4. Sankalpam:

Keep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite the following manthra:


Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham,
Pratah Sandhya - pratha sandhyam upasishye
Madhyannikam - madhyaynikam karishye
Sayam Sandhya- sayam sandhyam upasishye

5. Marjanam:
Sri Kesavaya Namah (write OM in water with the ring finger)

Recite the following ten mantras. While reciting the first seven sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the eighth touch the feet, nine again sprinkle on the head and complete by reciting the tenth by taking a little water on your right palm and throwing it around your head in clockwise direction like pradakshinam:

 

(1) Aapo hishta mayo bhuva

(2) thana oorje dadha thana

(3) Mahe ranaaya chakshase

(4) Yova shiva thamo rasa

(5) Thasya bhajaya thehana

(6) usatheeriva mathara

(7) Thasma aranga mamava 

(8) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha

(9) Aapo janayadha jana 

(10) Om bhorbuvassuva


6. Praasanam:

Take in the hand small quantity of water in the palm (just sufficient to immerse one grain) recites the following manthra and drink it while telling "swaha".


Pratah Sandhya: Ahascha maa adithyascha punathu swaha
Madhyahnikam: Aapa punanthu prithweem, prithwee pootha punathu maam
                              Punanthu brahmanaspathir brahma pootha punathu maam
                              Yad uchishta mabhojyam yadhwa ducharitham mama
                              Sarvam punanthu mamopa asatham cha prathigraham swaha
 Sayam Sandhya: Rathrischa ma varunascha punathu swaha.  

7. Achamanam:

Use the same manthras and action as given in "1" above

8. Punar Marjanam:

Recite the following 14 mantras. While reciting the first eleven-sprinkle water on the head, while reciting the twelfth touch the feet, thirteen again sprinkle on the head and complete by reciting the fourteenth taking a little water on your right palm and throwing around your head in the clockwise direction like pradakshinam:

 

(1) Dadhi kravinno akarisham

(2) Jishno raswasya vajina

(3) surabhino mukha karaath

(4) Prana ayugumshi tharishath

(5) Aapo hishta mayo bhuva

(6) Thana oorje dadha Thana

(7) Mahe ranaaya chakshase

(8) Yova shiva thamo rasa

(9) Thasya bhajaya thehana

(10) usatheeriva mathara

(11) Thasma aranga mamava 

(12) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha 

(13) Aapo janayadha jana 

(14) Om bhorbuvassuva


9. Argya Pradhanam:

Join both hands together and take hand full of water taking care not to join both thumbs with other fingers. Repeat the following mantra and pour water through your hands.


Om Bhorbuvassuva. Tatsa vithur varenyam bhargo devasya deemahi. Dhiyo yona prachodayath
Pratha Sandhya: Face east

and repeat thrice.
Madyannikam: Face North

and repeat twice.
Sayam Sandhya: Face West

and repeat twice.

10. Prayaschitha Argyam:

Do Pranayama (refer S. No. 3 above)

Then offer one more Argyam in a similar fashion as above. This is a Prayaschitha (atonement) for doing the argya pradhanam late. Take small quantity of water in the right hand and rotate it above ones own head saying (this is called Athma parishechanam)

Pratha Sandhya: Om yadathya gacha vruthrahan. Udayaa abhisoorya sarvaan dathindra they vache
Madyannikam
:
Om uthkedthbhi sruthamagam vrushabham naryabasim Astharameshi soorya
Sayam Sandhya
:
Om na thasya maya yachana Ripureeseetha marthya yo agnaye dathacha havyadathaye 

11. Ikyaanusandhanam:

With both hands touch the middle of the chest. close the eyes, meditate and chant

Asaavadhityo brahma. Brahamaivahamasmi

Then do Achamanam.



12. Deva Tharpanam:
Pratha Sandhya: Squat facing east.
Madhyannikam: Squat facing east/north.
Sayam Sandhya: Squat facing north.

Take water in the hand and pour it out through the finger-tips after each manthra.

Aadithyam tharpayami
Somam tharpayami
Angarakam tharpayami
Budham tharpayami
Brahaspathim tharpayami
Shukram tharpayami
Sanaiswaram tharpayami
Rahum tharpayami
Kethum tharpayami
Kesavam tharpayami
Narayanam tharpayami
Madhavam tharpayami
Govindam tharpayami
Vishnum tharpayami
Madhusoodhanam tharpayami
Trivikramam tharpayami
Vamanam tharpayami
Sreedharam tharpayami
Hrishikesam tharpayami
Padmanabham tharpayami
Damodharam tharpayami

Then do aachamanam.

 

Part-II - Japam


13. Japa Sankalpam:
Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together:
Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,
Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.

Do Pranayamam.

Keep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite the following manthra:
Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham,
Pratha Sandhya: pratha sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye
Madhyannikam: madhyaynika gayathri maha manthra japam karishye
Sayam Sandhya: sayam sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye

14. Pranava Japam:
Pranavasya Rishi Brahma (touch the forehead with fingers),
Devi gayathri Chanda (touch below the nose),
Paramathma devatha (touch the middle of the chest)
Bhooradhi saptha vyahrudeenam athri - brugu - kuthsa - vasishta - gowthama - kasyapa - aangeerasa rishaya (touch forhead)
Gayathree - ushnig - anushtup - brahathi - pankthi- trushtup- jagathi - chandamsi (touch below the nose)
Agni - vayu - arka - vageesa - varuna - indra - viswe deva - devatha (touch the middle of the chest.)

Do pranayama ten times.

15. Gayathri Avahanam:
(Touching head) Aayaathu Ithi anuvakasya vamadeva rishi,
(Touching below nose) Anushtup chanda,
(Touching the middle of the chest) Gayathri devatha
(Folding hands like Namaste in front of heart)
Aayathu varada devi aksharam brahma samhitham.
Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.
Oojosi, sahosi,balamasi, brajosi, devaanaam dhama naamaasi. viswamasi,
viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom, Gayathrim avahayami, Savithrim avahayami, saraswathim avahayami (while reciting the last three manthras, after avahayami, keep both the palms together with little fingers touching and then slowly take the fingers towards oneself, and bring it back to original position after one rotation)

16. Gayathri Nyasam:
Chant each of the mantras while -
(Touching the forehead) Savithrya rishi brahma
(Touching below the nose) nichrud gayathri chanda
(Touching the middle of the chest) savitha devatha

17. Gayathri Japam:
Repeat 108 times the Gayathri facing east in the morning & afternoon, west in the evening :

Om Bhur Vhuvah Svah
Tat Savitur Varenyam
Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi
Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat

18. Gayathri Upasthanam:
Do pranayamam and then stand up and chant
Facing the same direction:
Pratha Sandhya: Pratha sandhyam upasthanam karishye
Madhyannikam: Adithyam upasthanam karishye
Sayam Sandhya: Sayam sandhyaupasthanam karishye

Then repeat
Uthame shikare devi, bhoomyam parvatha vardhini,
Brahmanebhyo anugnanam, gacha devi yada sukham.

19. Surya Upasthanam:
Pratha Sandhya:
Yaso aham bhavami brahmananaam yaso ragnam yaso visaam
Yasa sathyasya bhavami
Bhavami yasasaam yasa
Adithya naava maroksham poornamparipadinim
Achithram bharayishnaveem satharithraam swasthye om Namah adithyaya
Udyantham dwa aadithyanu deeyasam
 
Madhyannikam:
Aadhithya navamaroksham poorna maparipaddhineem
Acchithram bharayishnaveem sadarithraam swasthaye
Om Namah adithyaya, Namah adhithyaya, Namah adhithyaya
Uduthyam jatha vedasam devam vahanthi kethava
Druse viswaya sooryam
Chithram devaanam udaganeekam chakshur mithrasya varunasyagne
Aa pra dyava pruthvi anthareeksha soorya athma jagadas tha dushacha
Thachkshur deva hitham purasthac chukramussarth
Om bhorbuvaswarom
Soorya iva druse bhooyasam agneeriva thejasa, vayuriva pranena, soma iva ganthena, brahaspathher iva budhya, aswina iva roopena, indragni iva balena, brahma bhaga evaham bhooyasam paap mabhaga me dwishantha.
 
Sayam Sandhya:
Yaso aham bhavami brahmananaam yaso ragnam yaso visaam
Yasa sathyasya bhavami
Bhavami yasasaam yasa
Adithya naava maroksham poornamparipadinim
Achithram bharayishnaveem satharithraam swasthye om Namah adithyaya, Namah adhithyaya, Namah adithyaya
Prathi thishtantham thavar adhithya anu prathi thishtassam.

20. Samashti Abhivadanam:
Starting from the direction facing which the japa was done after each manthra turn 90 degrees to the right. Say the next manthra and so on.
Sandhyayai Namah
Savithryai Namah
Gaythryai Namah
Saraswathyai Namah

Then chant with folded hands facing the same direction
Sarvebhyo devathabhyo namo Namah

Kamo karshed manyura karshed namo Namah.

Then touch with both hands the ears slightly bow and chant
Abhivadaye > > Risheya
<your Pravara or blank> pravaranvitha
<your Gothra> gothra
<your Suthra> suthra
<your Veda> adhyay
Sri sarmanama aham asmibho


After this touch your feet with both hands and do Namahskaram.

Some examples of Pravara Rishis
Gothra pravara rishaya 
Athreya Athreya Archanaanasa, syavaaswa traya risheya 
Naidruva kasyapa Kasyapa, Avathsara, Naidruva traya risheya 
Gargeya Aangeerasa, Chainya, Gargya traya risheya, Aangeerasa, Barhaspathya, Baradwaja, Chainya-Gargya pancharisheya 
Koundinya Vasishta, Maithra varuna, Koundinya traya risheya 
Koushika Vaiswamithra, Aagamarshana, Koushika traya risheya 
Gowthama Aangirasa-aayasya-gowthama traya risheya 
Baradwaja Aangeerasa, Barhaspathya, Bharadwaja traya risheya 
Haritha Aangeerasa, Ambareeksha, Younaswa trayarsheya 
Sounaka Garthsamadha Ekarsheya 
Chandilya Kasyapa, Aavathsara, Naidruva, Reba, Saptha risheya 
Raibha, Choundilya, Chandilya

21. Dig Devatha Vandhanam:
With folded hands offer salutations to the different directions facing that direction:
Pracyai dishe Namah (East)
Dakshinayai dishe Namah (South)
Pradeechai dishe Namah (West)
Udichyai dishe Namah (North)

Then again face the direction in which you were doing japa and continue
Oordwaya Namah (above)
Adharaya Namah (below)
Anthareekshaya Namah (straight)
Bhoomyai Namah (earth)
Brahmane Namah
Vishnave Namah
Mrutuyuve Namah

22. Yama Vandanam:
Stand facing South and chant
Yamaya Namah
Yamaya dharma rajaya, mrutyuve cha anthakaya cha
Vaivaswathaya kalaya sarva bhootha kshayaya cha
Oudhumbharaya dhagnaya neelaya parameshtine
Vrukodharaya chithraya chithra gupthaya vai Namah
Chithra gupthaya vai Namah om Namah ithi

23. Harihara Vandhanam:
Stand facing West and chant
Ruthagum sathyam para brahma purusham Krishna pingalam,
Oordhwrethwam viroopaksham Viswa roopaya vai Namah
Viswa roopaya vai Namah om Namah ithi

24. Soorya Narayana Vandhanam:
Stand facing the direction in which Japa was done and chant
Namah savithre jagadeka chakshushe,
Jagat prasoothi sthithi naasa hethave,
Trayin mayaya trigunathma dharine
Virinchi Narayana sankara athmane

Dyeya sada savithru mandala Madhya varthi
Narayana sarasijasana sannivishta
Keyuravan makara kundalavaan
Kiriti haari hiranya vapur drutha sankha chakra

Sanka chakra gatha pane dwaraka nilayachythe
Govinda pundarikaksha raksha maam sarana gatham
Aakasath pathitham thoyam,
Yada gachathi sagaram,
Sarva deva Namahskara
Sri kesavam prathi gachathi,
Sri kesavam prathi gachathi om na ithi


25. Samarpanam:
Take a small quantity of water recite the following manthra and pour it on the ground
Kaye na vacha manase indriyair va
Budhyathma nava prakruthai swabhavat.
Karomi yadyat sakalam parasmai,
Narayana yethi samarpayami

Then do aachamanam

26. Raksha:
Sprinkle some water on the place where japa was [performed reciting the manthra below, then touch the ground with ring finger and place it between the eyelids:
Adhya no deva savitha praja vath saavee soubhagam
Para duswapneeya suva
Viswani deva savitha - durithani paraa suvaa
Yad bhadram thanma asuva

Om.

Acknowledgements: Sincere thanks to all those below for their valuable sites.

http://www.celextel.org/mantrasandrituals/sandhyavandanam.html?page=1
https://omshivam.wordpress.com/trikal-sandhya/sandhya-vandan-mantra-vidhi/
http://satyaveda.wordpress.com/sandhya-vandanam/





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