V-S-Gopal / 4 yrs ago /









Considerable public interest in the Naxalite menace has been aroused due to the violent killings of 76 men of the CRPF in Dantewada (ChattisgarhState) on 6th April 2010.


Many questions are being raised by the common man in order to understand the Naxal problem. For example: (1) Are Naxals and Maoists one and the same? (2) Are they political parties/cadres and do they have regular manifestoes/agendas? (3) Do the Naxals have a common purpose for resorting to insurgency? (4) Do Naxals fight elections? (5) Has the GOI tried to cut the political wings/nature of the Naxal movement which mainly follows armed insurgency? (6) Should there have been peace talks with the Naxals? (7) Are the Naxals running a “ShadowState” or a “Parallel Government” in their areas? (8) Are Naxals helpful for the rural poor? (9) Should our Military be kept away from meeting the Naxal menace? Many more questions can be added to the list.


The Naxal problem in India has had a long history. The problem is very complex. But given the space-constraint here, I shall try to shed some light on the above questions in a simple manner. I could indeed be accused of over-simplification!


To start with, Naxals and Maoists are the same in a sense. The more appropriate and general term could be Naxal. Mind you, the “Maoists” by name, are also a specific group/party amongst the Naxals. In reality, all Naxals belong to various groups/parties of extreme left-wing communism and believe in the Maoist ideology of insurrection, revolution and overthrow of the Government. Exceptions are there since a few groups don’t support blind violence towards upper class/ bourgeosie/civilians. You will not find the word “Naxal” in any Party’s nomenclature but most groups/Parties sport the word “Communist” in their nomenclature.  




It all began in the village called Naxalbari (Dt.Darjeeling, State of West Bengal) in 1967.

A dalit youth, armed with a court order, went to till his land. He was killed by a group of landlords who hired hooligans. The dalits, and the poor and actual tillers rose up in revolt.

Actually, after the Chinese war of 1962, the CPI (Marxist) formed in 1964 went through a crisis. Extremist CPI (M) leaders such as Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal broke away from the party and jumped into the “Naxalite Movement” in 1967. They preached violence. They incited the dalits and peasants to violence, and as a result policemen were killed and landlords were attacked and killed. In 1969, the two leaders formed the new break-away party called CPI (Marxist-Leninist).


Charu Majumdar died in custody in 1972. Kanu Sanyal committed suicide a fortnight ago due to ill-health. Anyway, a very strong West Bengal Government led by the CM, Mr.S.S.Ray, using considerable force, nearly killed the Naxalite menace by mid-1970s. Subsequently, under slack Communist governments in W.B., the menace began to appear. The CPI (M-L) nicely spread its wings to many other States too.


The Naxal movement was taken over by other leaders in other States. A lot of Naxal splinter groups/parties arose over the years thanks to infighting, rivalries, differences in ideologies and methods etc. Jumping to the present day, there are any number of Naxalite Groups (maybe 20 to 40 is my uninformed guess) of which the most important players are three, namely (1) “CLI (M-L) Liberation” formed in 1974 (2)”Maoist Communist Centre” formally launched in 1975 and  (3) Communist Party of India (Maoist) formed in 2004.




Kanu Sanyal gave up violence in 1977. Policies and programs vary from one Naxal Group to another in details. But most groups believe in armed rebellion and in killing. A few believe in democratic methods but with a rider for violence. Some groups kill villagers mercilessly and gruesomely. Some concentrate on killing policemen and government functionaries.




Many of the Naxalite groups have so far been allowed to contest elections to the Assemblies and the Parliament. I would believe that any party that preaches violence should have been straightaway put in the banned list. In fact, the GOI should have banned these parties as illegal. Why did this not happen? Why is this not still happening?




Here is a statement made by the then Home Minister in the Parliament in 2006: “There will be no peace dialogue by the affected states with the naxal groups unless the latter agree to give up violence and arms.”


Here is a statement of our PM made last year: “We are not in favour of using armed forces to fight Naxalism. If the Naxals shed violence, we are willing to talk."


In my view, peace talks after laying down arms is an oxymoron. Just consider a (mad) gunman/hijacker pointing his gun at the face of a captive. Will there not be the “so-called” negotiations with him, whatever the final action or outcome? Peace talks have happened with the ULFA, Kashmiri terrorists etc. Then, why not with the Naxals? In my view, it is utter idiocy not to engage in talks without preconditions.




The statistics of the menace is something like 20 affected States and more than 200 affected Districts in India. This looks very evil but in reality, the picture is not too worrisome for me. The incidents are sporadic. Over many years, the average annual figure of the policemen and civilians killed would not exceed 1000. Not a great deal for a poor and large country.


Most of the Naxalite operations are said to be underground. Only in a few remote and isolated pockets do they perhaps do village administration with extortion money and levies. Very little has been directly done by the Naxalites for redistribution of lands to peasants, not to ask of other favourable deeds. Actually the Naxals, in spite of promises to locals that they would be the ones to improve their lot, have been bombing schools for having been used as shelter by paramilitary forces. 





The Centre has acknowledged that the Naxal problem is not just a law and order problem.

Often, the problem relates to genuine grievances of the rural poor. The Naxal grievances vary from State to State and are not uniform. The affected people are generally adivasis and peasants. The grievances include (1) Land alienation (2) land distribution (3) Unemployment (4) Exploitation by government officials, contractors etc. (5) Poor remuneration for forest produce (6) Mindless prosecution for petty forest offences etc.


The GOI and State Govts should introduce adivasi and peasants-friendly programs. Petty forest prosecution cases should be withdrawn. Minimum or floor prices should be enforced on forest produce. The sense of alienation being experienced by the aggrieved underdogs should be diffused.




Presently, the improperly trained and ill-equipped  State Police and central paramilitary forces such as CRPF, are tackling the armed Naxalites. The Naxalites have even modern weapons and are trained. We must remember that the Naxalites now think that they can take over power at Delhi the way the Nepal Maoists captured power in their Parliament. They are prepared to attack cities and disrupt normal life.


In my view, our trained and well-equipped military should be straightaway used without further waste of time, but only against armed and identified Naxalite militants. We must distinguish between Militant Naxalites, Naxalite Supporters, and Naxalite Sympathisers. The last two categories need not be attacked. Our Army and Airforce should be at once commissioned to target the Militant Naxalites.


If and when the armed Naxalites surrender, the GOI could implement a program of their rehabilitation and re-orientation, as has been done by the A.P. Government.


Though law and order is a State Subject in the Constitution, an exception should be made, in my view, by amending the Constitution forthwith to provide subjects like Terrorism and Naxalism under the Joint List. These two menaces are widespread in the nation, requiring Central responsibilty and coordination which the Centre cannot shirk.



The Naxal problem is a pointer to the poor efforts of the GOI and the State Governments in looking after the needs of the rural peasants and the adivasis. This situation deserves to be rectified very fast. Thousands of crores of public money are spent in acquiring battle ships and submarines, rather purposelessly since an all-out war is a modern impossibility. Most of it could be diverted for the improvement of the poor.





V-S-Gopal / / 4 yrs ago

Dear Subodhji,
As promised I am reverting to you. I have carefully seen your exhaustive and lengthy comment on women. My knowledge of sanskrit is very little and hence the translation given by you for Manu and for many Atharva Veda verses were useful. Your comment is indeed very scholarly.

However, I do not understand the context since this blog is about Naxals. Perhaps you should post a separate blog.

Coming to your comments, I see the way the Vedas have handled this issue so magnificently some three thousand years ago.

But today we live in a post-Vedic, post-Puranic age. Things not present in those times, like dowry, sati etc have come into our society in the recent centuries. Maybe there was a 'plus' reason for that after minusing the negatives. Sati has vanished. Dowry is slowly going away. Many other evils on women will have to go as our societies get more enlightened.

You have talked about three phases in a girl's growth, as per Vedas. That is interesting. The metaphorical theories of husbands like Surya, Gandharva etc are also interesting. However, I am not convinced, prima facie (ref: DHA, EPA etc) that female youth have better brain power than male youth. Maybe I will read up later.

We all believe that the famales of our species should be respected and protected. But a good portion of modern females believe in office culture, independent earning, childless-family etc. This is not going to be good for the society.
vs gopal

Dr Arun Mehra / / 4 yrs ago
Dr Arun Mehra

Dear Subodhji,
This is very important issue that you have brought up, and is a major part of the social problems of our nation. Yes, when the status of women is degraded, it amounts to depriving half the society of dignity, and of its rightful due, in terms of education, respect, honour, and much else.
You have written a very informative piece, giving us quotatons from our ancient literature, about what was considered important in those far off times.

V-S-Gopal / / 4 yrs ago

Dear Subodhji,
You have presented an important social issue, that of our women, and I shall revert to you after reading it carefully. Surely, it is a scholarly one.
vs gopal

subodh1934 / / 4 yrs ago

there is another dimension of the problems being faced by our nation- I wish we had paid more sincere attention to our ethos and not got carried away in the dazzling Western mode of life and education, as desired and designed for us by the British. This is explained in the note below.

Vedas On girl child

यत्र नार्यस्तु पूज्यन्ते रमन्ते तत्र देवता: !
यत्रेतास्तु न पूज्यन्ते सर्वास्तत्राफला: क्रिया: !! मनु:

Prosperity reigns supreme where women are held in high esteem.
All their actions fail to bring wellbeing, where women are held in disrespect.
This has been a uniquely Indian tradition from Vedic times, and is not found in any other world civilization.
Modern world society seeks to draw attention to important issues, by assigning a DAY to each issue. Not inappropriately, we have a ‘Girl Child’ day also. This day should also help us to do a little introspection on the state of our society.
Our elitist educated class in imitating the west is seeking for women in the Indian society an equal opportunity statute.
Swami Vivekand was asked by an American in 1890, if women enjoyed status equal to men in India. Eloquent Swami ji is reported to have dumb founded Indians in his audience by saying NO. (after a pause )'The women India are accorded a higher status than men.'
In the above quote from Manu it is stated that all efforts of a society to achieve well fare for its people bear no fruit, if the women in that society are not treated with respect.
Reflecting on the state of our Indian society today, we witness even our elected leaders, surrounded by high security, constantly living under fear of violent attacks, by members of our own society. Daily violent attacks on innocent people, miseries and crimes against society fill the front page space in our media. We are witnessing hunger, poverty, social, educational inequalities. Worsening food security and food safety are of great concern. Adverse climate changes seem to be beyond our control.. With all the advances of sciences and technology in the modern world, with the best of intentions, think tanks, task forces, missions and commissions, we find all our efforts slipping, in addressing these problems. Has the mankind ‘really’ made real progress?

It may come as a surprise that description of such a society is found verbatim in Vedas.

“Where the truth speaking learned men and honest citizens do not enjoy, free speech. Where there is no audience to hear sane voices of reason. Where members of its society are maltreated because they are poor considered, meek and soft. Where girl child and women are left uncared, unkempt, unsafe, and exploited. Where learning, education, knowledge and scholarship are not given due importance. Where the unborn fetuses are aborted."
There the king and his bejeweled consort, even under best of security feel threatened and spend sleep less nights in their chambers. High remunerations paid to the employees in administration , services and defense forces fail to ensure expected good performances.
Where prosperity that is earned out of honest living is not adulated. Health from good milk giving cows, good food from fertile fields and bulls and lotus bearing ponds are missed. Strong horses are not yoked to the chariots. People plunder, exploit and shed blood of each other. Brothers cheat and kill each other. Calamities rain on the society, like thunder bolts from the sky, or rain of blazing hot lava rocks.”

Vedas point out that this situation is brought about by not understanding the role of women in inculcating right values in the society and by the unmindful neglect of the female of the species.
Girl child starting from her birth, growing through infancy, adolescence, puberty and marriage, performs the role of continuing the human society by giving birth to new generations.
Mother is the first teacher to cultivate sense for aesthetics to avoid ugliness in life and cultivate the right value system for the human society by proper family upbringing of the young ones. Vedas attribute this most important role assigned by nature to the female of the species.
Rig Veda and Atharva Veda mention the deliberation of the divine forces on this subject, when female of the species was created. Role of females in society, duties of the society in development of the full potential of female talents, and finally the consequences of abrogation and neglect by the society of its duties to wards the welfare of female, are the topics covered very exhaustively in Vedas. It is left to the learned audience to judge as to how relevant and erudite are these ideas, even in the light of modern sociology.
It may be considered inappropriate but the truth of the matter is that this present state of our Indian society is that of a 'TALIBANISED' society. Is it not the hall mark of most Islamic nations in which girl child and female of the species is not accorded due respect and protection, and treated as very inferior. It may not be out of place to mention that according to Christian and Islamic scriptures females did not have a soul.

From Vedas वेदों से

On the conceived Role of Female in building
Human Society

1.तेS वदन् प्रथमा ब्रह्मकिल्विषे S कूपार: सलिलो मातरिश्वा ! वीडुहरास्तप उग्रं मयोभूरापो देवी: प्रथमजा: ऋतस्य !! ऋ10/109/1, अथर्व 5/17/1
“ in the beginning three devataas viz. akoopaar, salilo and matarishwa,( Solar energy,the primordial soup and the moving winds laden with microbes)- that had taken part in creation of the physical humans, te awadan- deliberated among themselves. To brahmkilvishe- plan for preventing degradation of human society by Veeduharaastapugram- defeating the fires of strong dominating commandeering forces,of ugliness, violence, gross selfishness and over confidence uncivilized behavior, by mayobhoorapo dousing these fire with cool waters. For this prathamaaja devee first born female was conceived by ritasya – by God almighty’s wisdom.
( Invincible Samson was cooled off by Delilah in bible) Vedas are in fact giving the same allegorical interpretation , but in a more comprehensive and scientific form, as follows.

2- सोमो राजा प्रथमो ब्रह्मजायां पुनः प्रायच्छदहृणीयमानः ।
अन्वर्तिता वरुणो मित्र आसीदग्निर्होता हस्तगृह्या निनाय॥
ऋ10-109-2,अथर्व 5-17-2
सोमस्य जाया प्रथमं गन्धर्वस्तेऽपरः पतिः।
तृतीयो अग्निष्टे पतिस्तुरीयस्ते मनुष्यजाः॥ अथर्व 14-1-3, ऋ 10-85-40
सोमो ददद्‌ गन्धर्वाय गन्धर्वो ददग्नये।
रयिं च पुत्रश्चादादग्निर्मह्यमथो इमाम्‌॥ अथर्व14-2-4, ऋ10-85-41

These three Ved mantras also occurring in different places explain the same three stages in the development of the female temperament.

In the beginning is what modern science refers to the age before formation of 'the blood brain barrier' in the children i.e. up to about 4 years age. According to our Shastras the girl child is under the guardianship of Soma.
Vedas elaborate on Soma as god of intellect and poetically describe Soma being the first husband of the females during their infancy.
(Modern science tells us that that DHA(Decosa Hexaenoic Acid) and EPA (Ecosa Pentaenoic Acid) are the two fatty acids that power the human brain in all its activities related to human faculties. DHA is particularly associated with eyesight. Both DHA and EPA are made in the human body from ALA the Omega 3 fatty acids.
In young females capacity for conversion of dietary Omega 3 to DHA is nearly 20 higher and EPA is nearly three times higher than males. Thus it is the female of the species that has been given the extra responsibility to ensure good brains, eye sight , the intellectual strength for the human progeny.

Nature has thus provided the females with a far superior role in building a human society than men, because to start with only sharp and farsighted brains ensure a sustainable happy society.
This fact is borne out by the observation that in modern society not only in India but even in the Ivy leage colleges in USA, girls are regularly obtaining the academic laurels far a head of boys. This is no different from Indian experience. Girls are seen to be snatching the top scholastic positions in all examinations in India.
This is the scientific basis of the unique Vedic Culture that addresses the girl child as an object of veneration and the females to be accorded high position and treated with respect in society.

In the second stage till the age of puberty around 12/13 years, during adolescence the girl child is possessed by Gandharvas.
Gandharwas represents aesthetics, all that is beautiful, delicate, sensitive, empathic and virtuous in this world. In visuals the talents for appreciation of beauty in nature, arts, physical forms, and ability to replicate the same in paintings/sculptures and such visual art forms. In audiovisual areas gandharwas , would represent good sounds, music, dance forms and drama, good vocal abilities, creative writings. Sensitivity for harmonious relations and peace loving attitudes, delicacy, creativity are the are the gifts to humanity of the Gandhrwas. The girl child in her teens remains preoccupied with these artistic pursuits. These natural traits of females must be given full opportunities to develop. Females thus become the embodiment of these qualities for the human race. Poetically Vedas describe the Gandhrwas as the second husbands of the females.)
In the third stage, with development of physical body functions, in Vedic language female body is as if afire with – the flesh gets stronger - by कामाग्नि.
Female becomes ready for taking on her role of a wife by being married to a human being. And thus bring forth good progeny for progress and continuation of human society.

3-हस्तेनैव ग्राह्यआधिरस्या ब्रह्मजायेयमिति चेदवोचन्‌ ।
न दूताय प्रह्ये तस्थ एषा तथा राष्ट्रं गुपितं क्षत्रियस्य॥
ऋ 10-109-3अथर्व 5-17-3
But it is also said that at this age to prevent the young females from being led astray, they require protective hand holding, just like a nation whose safety and security is ensured by the Kshatriyas.
4-यामाहुस्तारकैषा विकेशीति दुच्छनां ग्राममवपद्यमानाम्‌ ।
जाया वि दुनोति राष्ट्रं यत्र प्रापादि शश उल्कुषीमान्‌ ॥ अथर्व-5-17-4
(It is at this stage here that this first Veda mantra is added by Atharwa Veda as a further elucidation of the subject.)
Symbolized like unkempt hair of neglected deprived women, are the grown up undisciplined-unprincipled and ignorant females. When they bear children they propagate ignorance and lack of wise counsel to their young offspring. This brings to bear upon the society as a great scourge, like the destructive thunder bolts falling from the sky.
5-ब्रह्मचारी चरति वेविषद्विषः स-देवानां भवत्येकमङ्‌गम्‌ ।
तेन जायामन्वविदद्‌बृहस्पतिः सोमेन नीतां जुह्वं ने देवाः ॥
ऋ 10-109-5 अथर्व 5-17-5
Brahmcharis the young well educated learned youth have ability to take even the fallen women and bring them to flower, their hidden potential to bear good progeny for intellectual progress of the human race as originally the God's had desired.
6-देवा वा एतस्यामवदन्त पूर्वे सप्तऋषयस्तपसे ये निषेदुः ।
भीमा जाया ब्राह्मणस्योपनीता दुर्धां दधाति परमे व्योमन्‌ ॥
On this subject based on the observation and experience of the elders through Saptrishis –The seven observers.
(SevenRishis are named Kashyap,Atri,Bharadwaj, Jamadagni,Gautam. The seven sensory organs two eyes, two ears, two nostrils and mouth are also described as representing these Seven Rishis) i.e. basically what could be called 'media reports', it was expressed that women who are led astray by kidnapping or enticing, bring to bear upon the society very heavy social calamities, and it is the duty nof the media to highlight such issues.
7- ये गर्भा अवपद्यन्ते जगद्‌ यच्चापलुप्यते।
वीरा ये तृह्यन्ते मिथो ब्रह्मजाया हिनस्ति तान्‌॥ अथर्व 5-17-7
Even female fetuses that are destroyed, bring forth in the society an atmosphere of rampant violence where chivalrous, strong men start violence and fights among themselves. This is seen as the curse of female fetuses destroyed.

8-उत यत्‌ पतयो दश स्त्रियाः पूर्वे अब्राह्मणाः।
ब्रह्मा चे द्वस्तमग्रहीत्‌ स एव पतिरेकधा ॥ अथर्व-5-17-8
But a fallen women even if she has been exploited by tens of men, finally gets accepted in a proper marriage to a good virtuous man, she is rehabilitated as being married to one man.

9-ब्राह्मण एव पतिर्न राजन्यो3 न वैश्यः।
तत्‌ सूर्यः प्रब्रुवन्नेति पञ्चभ्यो मानवेभ्यः ॥ अथर्व 5-17-9
Like the illuminating light of the sun on the entire earth, this fact should also be very well known in the world that all people must develop their intellect. Merely on the strength of acquiring a higher status of a ruler over men, or a big warrior or a big moneyed person in life , no body acquires the qualification to be a good parent to father a progeny by taking a wife.

10-पुनर्वै देवा अददुः पुनर्मनुष्या उत ।
राजानः सत्यं कृण्वाना ब्रह्म जायां पुनर्ददुः ॥
ऋ 10-109-6 अथर्व 5-17-10

In case of any female if kidnapped or exploited, it becomes the duty of the state to rescue her and rehabilitate her in the society with due respect.
11-पुनर्दाय ब्रह्मजाया कृत्वी देवैर्निल्बिषम्‌ ।
ऊर्जं पृथिव्या भक्तवायो रुगायमुपासते ॥
ऋ 10-109-7 अथर्व 5-17-11

Such women are considered innocent of any crime, and if need arises their rehabilitation should be a state expense.
12-नास्य जाया शतवाही कल्याणी तल्पमा शये ।
यस्मिन राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-12
Even the ruler protected/surrounded by hundreds of security force does not feel secure enough, to have a sound sleep in his chamber, in a Nation where females are commandeered/forced upon against their free will.
13-न विकर्णः पृथुशिरास्तस्मिन्वेश्मनि जायते ।
यस्मिन्‌ राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-13
That nation/society becomes deaf/ignorant to the voice of the people and no intellectual scholars grow , where females are commandeered/forced upon against their free will.
14-नास्य क्षत्ता निष्कग्रीवः सूनानामेत्यग्रतः ।
यस्मिन्‌ राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-14
Chivalrous strong men do not show up in nations, where females are commandeered /forced upon against their free will.
15-नास्य श्वेतः कृष्णकर्णो धुरि युक्तो महीयते ।
यस्मिन्‌ राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-15

By not being able to mount the horses in their chariots -to perform Aswamedh yagna-That nation/state loses face and influence in the world, where females are commandeered/forced upon against their free will.
16-नास्य क्षेत्रे पुष्करिणी नाण्डीकं जायते बिसम्‌ ।
यस्मिन्‌ राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-16
Water bodies do not sport lotus flowers and the lotus flowers do not bear seeds to propagate themselves, -The environment suffers, where females are commandeered /forced upon against their free will.
17-नास्मै पृश्नि वे दुहन्ति ये ऽस्या दोहमुपासते ।
यस्मिन्‌ राष्ट्रे निरुध्यते ब्रह्मजायाचित्या ॥ अथर्व 5-17-17
Cows are no longer able to provide good quantities of milk, where females are commandeered /forced upon against their free will.
18-नास्य धेनुः कल्याणी नानड्‌वान्त्सहते धुरम्‌ ।
विजानिर्यत्र ब्राह्मणो रात्रिं वसति पापया ॥ अथर्व-5-17-18
Neither the cows bring welfare to society nor oxen get yoked, and without active participation of the women in the society, men are given to crime in night life.

V-S-Gopal / / 4 yrs ago

Many thanks.
I am happy that the BJP is very cooperative with Govt on the issue. I did not listen to Jaitley and hope I can see his comments tomorrow.
Some sex scandals will have to be revealed emanating from IPL and the picture will be complete!
vs gopal

B-N-Bahadur / / 4 yrs ago

Thanks for this short, effective and Excellent analysis......It has reached a point where the entire country will need to decide and ACT...No petty politics....
Incidentally, today I heard a large part of an excellent speech on the subject, in the Rajya Sabha by Arun Jaitly...As good an analysis as any one has heard in recent times---and as devoid as cd be from partisan thinking, as possible...I wonder if it will be well covered in the papers tomorrow----if they find space from Weddings, scandals and of the ghastly happenings in the T 20.....Congrats....BN

Dr Arun Mehra / / 4 yrs ago
Dr Arun Mehra

Dear Subodhji,

You have very rightly pointed out that "our government continued to ignore the social dimensions".

In fact, I believe that this is the most important, basic factor behind most of the problems in this country. Across more than six decades, we have refused to look at our people as human beings. In their arrogance, our politicians see them as mere statistics. And it's a pyramidal problem. If the rulers see the people this way, then, lower down the ladder, the middle class has the same disdain for those beneath the middle class in the social spectrum. And these people (beneath the middle class), in turn, display the same attitude towards the tribals and Adivasis and others who are at the most dependent end of the chain (and much of this dependence is artificially created, I am sure, to keep the hierarchies and feudalism intact).

Moving in the other direction, at every level, people complain about the behaviour of those above them, and the lower down they are, the more oppressed they are, by everyone above them. The tribals are practically exploited by everyone, directly or indirectly (after all, let us not forget that many of the privileges we enjoy in the cities come from the dirt cheap labour of these unfortunate tribals, and this exploitation is by all city dwellers, whether they can afford cars, or are domestic servants). Next, those on a slightly higher footing, like the middle class, are unhappy with the politicians, but have now hesitation in showing the same type of contempt for those below them in the social hierarchy, and in misbehaving with them and exploiting them. It would actually be funny, were it not immensely tragic, how people in Delhi show contempt for the poor who come to the city looking for work, and demand that these poor migrants be kept out of the city (and not allowed to come from their villages, under the pretext that this places a strain on the city’s infrastructure), and yet these middle class people want them around as domestic helps and drivers and gardeners, and what not, and would seriously have problems in the performance of their daily domestic chores, if these poor village people were made to leave.

The common denominator in all these situations is the unwillingness to see others as people, as people who also need help and support and are a part of the system and have a role to play. They are just seen as the job they do.

So, I fully agree with you. In fact, in our country, neither the government, nor the society as a whole, has ever cared to look into the social dimensions of the myriads of problems.



krishnabaalu / / 4 yrs ago

VS Gopal

A brief but well written one on Naxals problem.

India is probably the only democracy fighting insurgency and guerrilla warfare with their own people at all corners of the country. Tragedy.

Naxal issue can be resolved provided they sincerely come to table for talks. But it would be very awkward if they continue violence killings around while talks are going on. This is what our HM stated. If Naxals are sincere then they should announce cease fire first, and come to table with a sincere heart. But the secret is far beyond ideology and social problems.

Naxals killed more Daliths, Adivasis, Tribals, and innocent villagers than the culprits.

Most of their leaders suffer from a kind of adventure syndrome-No ideology at all

Krishna Baalu

Jayati Gupta / / 4 yrs ago
Jayati Gupta

But VSG- the rest of the people cannot be attached with gaddars - if they are not supporting the creeps- Poor are poor - do we need to push them into the basket full of rotten eggs? That would be hollow on our part- We need to fade out these moneyed killers mercenaries - read another very interesting blog by Maddss 123- The N - menace has risen from those 2 in WB- and these guys were nothing but egomaniacs- "Now to come up with rich or poor we need to think in other lines" I cannot digest sophisticated arms of killers erasing poverty- is it the same French application of the past - guillotine - and rid the country from poor?- Nasty N Killers are nasty and dare they wallop our pop - rich or poor-

V-S-Gopal / / 4 yrs ago

hi Scribbly,
You have a point. The armed Naxals would really seem to have a dacoit mentality. Extortion, looting and killing is their main work although their professed agenda is to fight the causes of the rural poor and to help them.
But it is not that the armed Naxals do extortion only from business section and contractors. They are playing havoc with the silent and poor village population too. Many of them have been harassed and displaced.
Therefore, the Govts do have a responsibility to eliminate armed Naxals and at the same time give greater attention to the plight of the adivasis and small farmers.
These are my opinions.
Thanks for your insightful comments.
vs gopal

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